What is the No Child Left Behind Act?

Congress passed The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001(or the Reauthorization of Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)), to provide all public school children with an equal opportunity to get a quality education. It does this by expanding choices for parents, focusing resources on proven educational methods, and providing accountability for results. 

What does AYP stand for, and what does it mean?

AYP stands for Adequate Yearly Progress. Each state must define the amount of progress that its districts and schools must meet each year in order to have 100% proficiency by the 2013-2014 school year. Ohio sets expected levels of improvement based on student performance on the Ohio Achievement Test for reading and math and in one non-academic area. Attendance is the non-academic area used for Grades 3-8, and graduation rate is used for high school grades. These goals are expected to met by all students and by subgroups of students. The subgroups are: Economically Disadvantaged, Racial/Ethnic groups (African American, Asian, Hispanic, Multi-racial, Native American, and White), Students with Disabilities, English Language Learners In addition, 95 percent of students enrolled in the tested grades at the time of testing are required to participate.

The school/district will meet AYP if:

1. The percentage of tested students is at least 95 percent (applies to all students and each subgroup) AND

2. The percentage of all the students in the tested grade(s) and each of the subgroups at or above the proficient level are above the annual goals set by the state OR

3. The percentage all of the students in the tested grade(s) and each of the subgroups at or above the proficient level are above the annual goals set by the state using a three year rolling average (when multiple years of test data are available) OR

4. The subgroup reduces the number of students not proficient by 10 percent annually (‘safe harbor’)


What is “District Improvement” or “School Improvement”?

A district or school that has not met Adequate Yearly Progress for two consecutive years or more is identified by the state of Ohio as “in need of improvement.” They are said to be in District or School Improvement status. So a school that misses AYP 2 years consecutively is in SI Year 1. Additional consecutive years of missing AYP put a school in correspondingly higher SI status, with greater consequences each year.


What are the consequences for being in School Improvement?

SI Year 1: The school has not met AYP for two (2) consecutive years.

The school must develop a 2-year improvement plan.

The school must spend no less that 10% of its Title I funds on professional development for teachers in the subjects in which the school is missing AYP.

The school must notify parents that the school is in SI status and must offer them a School Choice option (the option to transfer their child to a school that is not in SI status).

See “School Choice” link.

SI Year 2: The school has not met AYP for three (3) consecutive years.

The same SI Year 1 consequences remain in effect, with the addition of offering

Supplemental Educational Services (SES). With SES, parents of eligible students

are offered the opportunity to select an after-school tutor for their child. Selection

is made from a list of State-approved tutors and priority is given to economically

disadvantaged students.

See “Supplemental Educational Services” link.

SI Year 3: The school has not met AYP for four (4) consecutive years.

The same SI Year 2 consequences remain in effect. In addition, the district takes corrective action, which includes one of the following:

* Institute a new curriculum

* Decrease school management authority

* Appoint an outside expert to oversee the daily operation of the school

* Extend the school year or the school day

* Replace the principal and/or other key staff.


SI Year 4: The school has not met AYP for five (5) consecutive years.

The same SI Year 3 consequences remain in effect. In addition, the district must develop a plan for restructuring the school. This plan could reorganize the administrative

structure of the building, meaning closing the school and reopening with a new staff

and a redesigned education program. The plan would take effect the following

school year.

SI Year 5: The school has not met AYP for six (6) consecutive years.

The same SI Year 3 consequences remain in effect as well as implementing the

restructuring plan developed in the previous year. The restructuring plan must

include at least one of the following:

 * Replace the staff

* Reopen the school as a charter school

* Secure an outside manager to oversee the daily operation of the school

* Combine state/district operation of the school

* Perform other major restructuring of the school’s governance

SI Year 6: The school has not met AYP for seven (7) consecutive years.

The school must continue with the restructuring plan implemented in the previous year. The plan will be monitored and revised, based on results of most recent district and state assessments.

What is Kenton City School District doing to help schools improve?

  1. A district leadership team has been developed. The task of this team is to analyze data reflecting all aspects of the district and identify areas of need. They will then develop a 3 year improvement plan that will move us toward increased achievement and out of District Improvement Status. This team will also design a comprehensive Professional Development plan that aligns with the goals outlined in the “District Improvement Plan”
  2. Each building in School Improvement has also established a Leadership Team and is also working on a School Improvement Plan that will align with the District Goals.
  3. The District is providing ongoing professional development to staff that enhances quality classroom instruction and increases student achievement.

 What can parents do to help schools improve?

As a parent, you are encouraged to participate in meetings, conferences, trainings, and other activities in your child’s school. Also, talk with your child’s teachers and other staff members to learn what the school’s plan is for improving and how you specifically can offer support and assistance.

Daily attendance is a key element in helping increase a student’s achievement. Review your child’s homework, read with him/her, visit the classroom, and use other methods to be sure you know what your child is learning and where he or she may be struggling.

For more information on No Child Left Behind, please visit the following websites:


or http://www.ode.state.oh.us/esea/Superintendent/Web_Docs/Families.asp


School Choice

In compliance with the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), the Kenton City School District will provide the option of School Choice to parents whose children attend schools in School Improvement Year 1 or greater status.


What is School Choice?

Parents of students enrolled in School Improvement buildings during the previous school will be notified of the opportunity to transfer their children to a non-School Improvement building. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) gives parents of children enrolled in schools that receive Title I funding the opportunity to transfer their children to a school that has not been so identified.


How does a school get into “School Improvement” status?

The Ohio Department of Education sets targets for passing percentages in state proficiency and achievement tests for math and reading. Each school must meet or exceed the targets for all tested students and for specific groups of tested students in order to meet “adequate yearly progress” or AYP. Groups are determined by race, income, language proficiency, and disability and count only if there is a minimum of 30 students, except for disability students where the minimum number is 45. In addition, schools must meet attendance target rates. If just one group misses just one target, an entire school does not make AYP.

If the school misses AYP for two years in a row, it is designated to be in School Improvement status, and the district must offer school choice to those families whose children attend that school. Please note, however, that while the federal law may identify your child’s school as a school improvement building, it may be performing better in some areas than a building that is not in school improvement.


How does a school get out of “School Improvement” status?

A school must meet the AYP targets for two years in a row.


Do I have to transfer my child to another school?

No. This is an option for you. The decision is entirely up to you, so you should base your decision on what you think is best for your child. If you think your child would be better off remaining at your current school, all you have to do is make sure your child is at your school on the first day of class.


Is my child guaranteed a place in an accepting school?

We may not be able to transfer every child whose parent applies. Under federal law, we must give first priority to the lowest-achieving, lowest-income students. Achievement will be based on the student’s scores on district and/or state tests, and income will be based on a student’s eligibility for free or reduced lunch. If your child is not approved for transfer to a non-school improvement building, he/she may still be eligible to receive additional after-school tutoring services.


What if my child has a disability?

Transfers for students with active IEP’s will be made when appropriate after consultation with the Director of Pupil Personnel, depending on the student’s disability, placement options available, and the parent’s choice. Care will be taken by district personnel in consultation with the parents to provide a situation that best meets the needs of the student.


How long will my child remain in the “choice” school?

Once approved for transfer, students may remain in their new school until they reach the highest grade in that building. However, if their home school is no longer identified as a School Improvement building, reimbursement for transportation does not continue.


What if I do not request a transfer by the deadline? Can I still decide to transfer my child?

Requests received after the deadline will have to wait until the following year to apply.

Parents of students enrolling after the first day of school will need to wait until the following year if they wish to transfer.


How will I know if my child is approved for a transfer?

Parents will be notified by phone or in writing of the approval or denial of their request for transfer and will need to complete a Transfer Agreement before transfer takes place.

What if I apply for a transfer but then change my mind?

Parents from identified School Improvement buildings who request a transfer but then change their mind prior to student placement may do so, but will lose the opportunity to transfer their child until the following year’s school choice period, if their school is still eligible.

What will be expected of me as a parent if my child is approved for transfer?

1. Make sure that my child attends school every day and on time.

2. Take advantage of opportunities to meet my child’s teacher and principal and other staff who will be involved with my child at the new school.

3. Provide my child with a time and place to complete homework and make sure

assignments are completed.

4. Respond to communication from my child’s teachers.

5. Talk to my child about his/her academic performance and learning experiences.



Kenton City School District Public School Choice Options


For Kenton City School District the following buildings are in School Improvement: Espy Elementary. Below is a chart showing the schools available for school choice for those students currently attending Espy.




Indicators Met

Performance Index


Value Added

School Improvement Status






Expected growth


Hardin Central





Expected growth



Public School Choice 2010-2011



For the 2009-2010 school year, Espy Elementary was the school offering Public School Choice. Out of the 290 students offered Public School Choice, none transferred to another building.